Among the many topics on which the 供应链领导者学院educates its members, the 配送中心 and its operation features strongly. This fact reflects the importance of the DC in today’快速变化的供应链。

 


For many students of supply chain matters though, the very first thing to learn is exactly how a 配送中心 differs from a “warehouse”.


 

那里’在不知道的情况下当然不会感到羞耻,尤其是术语“warehouse” and “distribution centre”通常可以互换使用。但是,在阅读了这篇文章之后,您应该非常清楚两种不同类型的供应链设施之间的区别。

 

配送中心速度

The biggest clue to the purpose of a 配送中心 lies in its name. While a 仓库 is clearly associated with the need for storage, 配送中心s exist to keep goods on the move as much as possible and actually, 尽可能快地.

 


当然啦’s necessary to have storage space in a 配送中心, but one would hope that nothing stays in that storage space for very long.


 

配送中心的主要目的是支持一条高速供应链,提供一种整合成品或半成品货物的运输和/或将散装货物分解为较小的货物以供客户运输的设施。 DC中的存储空间很重要,但在必要性上等于用于物料搬运的存储空间。

 

增值基础

配送中心提供的空间的另一用途是进行可增加产品和服务价值的活动。例如,仓库可以纯粹用作缓冲存储,在其通过供应链的途中分阶段存货,因此可以不容纳任何种类的订单处理活动。

 


A 配送中心 on the other hand, will always be a place where customer orders are picked, packed, and dispatched to customers.


 

Other value-added services which commonly take place in a 配送中心 include product assembly, customisation, or configuration, returned-goods processing, and perhaps cross-docking.

而且,它’配送中心很可能会安置仓库以外的设施。例如,从事运输业务的公司通常将其车辆和运输人员以及运输管理和行政团队集中在配送中心。

 

配送中心以客户为中心

Warehouses can serve many uses in a supply chain, some of which have very little relevance to customers. You might find a 仓库 or two within a production facility for storage of raw materials or finished goods.

 


Other 仓库s, as already mentioned, may simply serve as storage points for stockpiled inventory. In these cases, customer service is not something the 仓库 workforce or management even needs to think about.


 

It’在配送中心的故事完全不同。 DC的主要功能之一是支持卓越的客户服务,这是改善通过供应链的货物流动的场所:不支持静态存储。 DC管理团队将根据其满足客户的能力进行评估’根据公司需要’s business strategy.

 

了解有关配送中心和DC流程的更多信息

因此,现在您知道了仓库和配送中心之间的根本区别。当然,关于配送中心的运作还有很多要了解的内容,正如本文第一行所述,您可以在供应链领导者学院中深入了解该主题。

If you are already a member, you can immediately get some more 配送中心 questions answered in eClass number 15. If you haven’尚未加入我们,一个供应链学习的世界正在等待。 立即联络我们 了解更多有关由供应商带给您的供应链领导者学院的信息 罗伯·奥’Byrne和his team at Logistics Bureau.

 

联系Rob O'Byrne
最好的祝福,
罗伯·奥’Byrne
电子邮件: [email protected]
电话: +61 417 417 307

 

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